Creating an AsteroidOS app can be fun and rewarding. Creating an app requires the installation of the Software Development Kit (SDK) as described in Installing the SDK. The rest of this page assumes that you already have the SDK installed.
Building from the command line
Generally, to build a CMake project from the command line, use this:
export CMAKE_PROGRAM_PATH=/usr/local/oecore-x86_64/sysroots/armv7vehf-neon-oe-linux-gnueabi/usr/bin/ source /usr/local/oecore-x86_64/environment-setup-armv7vehf-neon-oe-linux-gnueabi cmake -B build cmake --build build
A example project, asteroid-helloworld is available as both an example and a template for new software. To fetch it from
git and build it, use the following:
git clone https://github.com/AsteroidOS/asteroid-helloworld.git cd asteroid-helloworld export CMAKE_PROGRAM_PATH=/usr/local/oecore-x86_64/sysroots/armv7vehf-neon-oe-linux-gnueabi/usr/bin/ source /usr/local/oecore-x86_64/environment-setup-armv7vehf-neon-oe-linux-gnueabi cmake -B build -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX:PATH=/usr cmake --build build --target package
If everything was successful, you should now have a new library named
asteroid-helloworld.so in the
build directory. You should also have an
.ipk file in the build directory. If the watch is connected via USB to the host computer, you can copy this to the watch and then install it with:
scp build/asteroid-helloworld*.ipk email@example.com:. ssh firstname.lastname@example.org "opkg install asteroid-helloworld*.ipk"
Note that we specify the
CMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX in the commands above. This is to assure that the package is built to install the software in
/usr/lib/ rather than
/usr/local/lib/ which would otherwise be the default. The
--target package instructs CMake to build a package the
.ipk file in our case.
Once the software is installed, it should show up as the last item on the launcher page. Pressing the icon should show an orange background with the words "Hello World!" in white. You should make sure all of this works before working with
QtCreator is an integrated development environment for making Qt QML applications.
Configure QtCreator for cross compilation
Before running QtCreator you must run the previously mentioned script and set up the
export CMAKE_PROGRAM_PATH=/usr/local/oecore-x86_64/sysroots/armv7vehf-neon-oe-linux-gnueabi/usr/bin/ source /usr/local/oecore-x86_64/environment-setup-armv7vehf-neon-oe-linux-gnueabi qtcreator
This can be done automatically by prepending
source /usr/local/oecore-x86_64/environment-setup-armv7vehf-neon-oe-linux-gnueabi and the export command before
Now that you are in QtCreator go to
- Add a new Generic Linux Device.
- Name it "AsteroidOS Watch"
- Choose 192.168.2.15 as IP address
- Use root as user
- Choose Password authentication and leave the password field empty
Kits add a kit with the previously defined device:
Device typeto Remote Linux Device
- Set the
Deviceto AsteroidOS Watch
- Set the sysroot to
- In the CMake generator change the
CMake Toolto "AsteroidOS CMake" at
- Clear the
- Add a CMake variable:
Note that if these steps are not done *in this order*, QtCreator will not let you change both the
C compiler and
C++ compiler to
<No compiler>. Specifically, setting Qt version to
None must be done first.
Asteroid-helloworld can act as a cool QML demo app to make your first steps into AsteroidOS development easier. You can clone it, build it, install it and then modify it to follow your needs:
git clone https://github.com/AsteroidOS/asteroid-helloworld cd asteroid-helloworld/ export CMAKE_PROGRAM_PATH=/usr/local/oecore-x86_64/sysroots/armv7vehf-neon-oe-linux-gnueabi/usr/bin/ source /usr/local/oecore-x86_64/environment-setup-armv7vehf-neon-oe-linux-gnueabi qtcreator CMakeLists.txt
Try to build and deploy the app. If it wasn’t already installed, a new icon should have already appeared on asteroid-launcher.
You can start by modifying occurrences of “asteroid-helloworld” to your app’s name. Then you can change the *.desktop file which describes the icon on the apps launcher. Then modify main.qml to describe your UI. To get started with QML development you can read the official tutorial.
Deploy an app from QtCreator
Open the project as described in the previous sections.
- Click on the
Projectsbutton on the left sidebar
- Under the
Build & Runsection click on the
Runconfiguration. This opens all run settings
- Scroll down to the
Change the following
- Set the
Custom Executable (on AsteroidOS Watch)
- Under "Files to deploy" select "Override deployment data from build system"
- Set the
Environment select "Fetch Device Environment"
XDG_RUNTIME_DIRand set its value to
/run/user/1000. So that the invoker works under the root user
QT_QPA_WAYLANDand set its value to
- (Optional) Add
1to make the app full screen and hide the titlebar
Your app should now be able to run from the application when you click the start button in the bottom left sidebar. Make sure you have the display on to be able to see the app. If you have "Tap-to-wake" turned on in the "Display" settings on the watch, tapping the display to wake up the screen before running the application should work.
Tips and tricks
If you want to start your app from the command line, open a shell with SSH, connect to ceres and use the shell script which, in turn, calls invoker:
If you want to disable screen locking for easier development you can enable the demo mode of mce as root with:
mcetool -D on
Don't forget to turn it back off when you are done to avoid draining the battery.
The most common problems stem from not following these directions *exactly*. QtCreator helpfully tries to find compilers and set variables, but tends to set things up for the desktop as the target rather than AsteroidOS, so it often gets things wrong. The first step for troubleshooting with QtCreator is to go very carefully over each of the steps listed above and verify that they all match exactly.
Could not find a package configuration file provided by "ECM"
This is most often caused not having the environment variables set up as shown above under the topic of configuring QtCreator. The environment variables must all be set and then you must lauch
qtcreator *in the same shell*. If you're not sure you've done this, an easy way to check is to try this command from the command line:
This should result in a line like this:
arm-oe-linux-gnueabi-gcc -march=armv7ve -mfpu=neon -mfloat-abi=hard --sysroot=/usr/local/oecore-x86_64/sysroots/armv7vehf-neon-oe-linux-gnueabi
If instead you get an empty line or some other non-ARM compiler, you may have made an error. One common error is to run the script directly instead of running it using
. on some Linux distributions). Another common error that causes the error about not finding ECM is if, in the Kit, the system CMake is used instead of the one for the AsteroidOS SDK.
= warning: The project contains C++ source files, but the currently active kit has no C++ compiler. The code model will not be fully functional.
This is not really an error but a warning. It's the result of having correctly chosen
<No compiler> as per the instructions above and may safely be ignored.
file INSTALL cannot find ... .desktop
This is probably the result of a missing
CMAKE_PROGRAM_PATH. As mentioned above, this must be set in order for a script that generates the desktop file to be correctly found and uses.
Remote process crashed
One possibility is that your software has a bug, but another is that the
XDG_RUNTIME_DIR is not set to
/run/user/1000 as mentioned above.
"I fixed it but I get the same error!"
This most often happens when something was originally wrong with the configuration, but a CMake scan was made and a possibly faulty Makefile from an earlier attempt still exists. To fix this, choose
Build from the menu, and then
Rescan project. This will run CMake again, ignoring existing cached values and forcing the recreation of a Makefile.